Graves’ Disease: What Are The Symptoms In Men?

Graves’ disease is a type of hyperthyroidism, an autoimmune condition marked by increased thyroid hormones and decreased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). 

Thyroid hormone is involved in a range of body systems and functions, including:

  • The cardiovascular system

  • The hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis

  • Sexual function

  • Nervous system development

  • Bone formation

It’s even important for good mental health.

Graves’ disease occurs approximately 5–10 times¹ more often in women than men and usually starts in 30- to 50-year-olds.

Men experience the same hyperthyroidism symptoms as women, along with other notable symptoms that usually relate to sexual dysfunction.

However, even though Graves’ disease is most common — and most often studied — in women, it should still be considered a possibility for men experiencing the symptoms described in this article. 

Have you considered clinical trials for Graves' disease?

We make it easy for you to participate in a clinical trial for Graves' disease, and get access to the latest treatments not yet widely available - and be a part of finding a cure.

Symptoms of Graves’ disease

People with Graves’ disease may have some of the following symptoms:

  • Tachycardia (racing heart)

  • Nervousness

  • Irritability

  • Tremors of the hands

  • Diarrhea

  • Weight loss

  • Anxiety 

  • Eye irritation

  • Goiter (enlarged thyroid gland)

  • Menstrual cycle changes 

  • Heat intolerance

Less common symptoms include:

  • Skin changes (especially thickening and patchiness over the legs and feet)

If Graves’ disease is left untreated, it can cause the following long term complications:

  • Heart-related issues such as stroke and heart failure

  • Loss of bone density causing osteoporosis 

  • Discomfort of the eyes and changes to vision

  • Infertility

Specific symptoms of Graves’ disease in men

Men experience specific Graves’ disease symptoms, including:

  • Development of breast tissue (gynecomastia)

  • Low sex drive

  • Erectile dysfunction 

  • Delayed ejaculation

  • Premature ejaculation

  • Infertility

The lowdown

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition affecting 0.5%² of the US population, with women most commonly represented. Despite this, Graves’ disease also affects men and can have some detrimental symptoms, including symptoms common to both sexes as well as infertility and sexual dysfunction. 

If you suffer from Graves’ disease and have been experiencing these symptoms, it’s vital to get treatment as there’s a good chance they can be resolved.

Have you considered clinical trials for Graves' disease?

We make it easy for you to participate in a clinical trial for Graves' disease, and get access to the latest treatments not yet widely available - and be a part of finding a cure.

Joining community groups and exercise programs for my condition made me feel empowered – but I want to be part of finding a cure.
Peter, 64

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